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Planet of the Apes
Planet of the Apes is an American media franchise comprising of seven films (one a remake, one a reboot), two television series (one animated), and various comic books. The series began with the 1968 science fiction film Planet of the Apes, which was based on the 1963 French novel La Planète des singes (Planet of the Apes or Monkey Planet) by Pierre Boulle.
The original series of five films (1968–1973) were produced by Arthur P. Jacobs, based on Boulle's original novel premise, and released by 20th Century Fox. They chronicle the fall of humanity and the rise of intelligent apes through the points of view of astronaut George Taylor (Charlton Heston), astronaut John Brent (James Franciscus), the apes Zira (Kim Hunter) and Cornelius (Roddy McDowall), and their ape son Caesar (also played by McDowall). The first film was co-written by Rod Serling, creator of The Twilight Zone and Night Gallery.
This was followed by two television series in the 1970s. The live-action series was called Planet of the Apes, and it takes place approximately 900 years prior to the original Planet of the Apes film in a civilisation where apes are the dominant life form, but humans still have the ability to speak. The animated series Return to the Planet of the Apes was independent of the film series.
In 2001, a remake of the original Planet of the Apes was released. Directed by Tim Burton, the film featured an entirely new interpretation of Boulle's novel and state-of-the-art visual effects and makeup for the apes.
In 2011, 20th Century Fox produced a reboot to the original series, called Rise of the Planet of the Apes, directed by Rupert Wyatt. The film stars James Franco and tells the story of an ape rebellion on Earth, led by a genetically-altered chimpanzee named Caesar (Andy Serkis). It is intended to be the first in a new series of films. The sequel to Rise, Dawn of the Planet of the Apes, will be released on May 23, 2014, with Matt Reeves directing and Serkis reprising his role.